PES GUIDELINES FOR THE AMAZON REGION
EXTERNAL EVALUTATION ON THE BOLSA FLORESTA PROGRAM
The studies concatenated in this section represent the products of a consultancy by PhD Peter May to the IDB Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services Program (BIO), with the assistance of collaborators from the Fundação Amazonas Sustentável (FAS), the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and University of Bonn, Germany (Uni-Bonn). The studies were conducted from September 2015 through March 2016, with the aim to evaluate the effectiveness of the Bolsa Floresta Program (BFP) – a conditional payments program for environmental services implemented by FAS in 16 sustainable use protected areas (SUPAs) in Amazonas state since 2007, in terms of both environmental and socioeconomic benefits.
The study comprises two major parts:
A literature review on the experience of Payment for Environmental Services programs implemented at scale in Latin America over the past decades, including studies conducted on the BFP itself as one of the largest programs of this type in the region; and
A primary data analysis of the BFP based on a rapid rural appraisal and over 100 interviews with beneficiaries, leaders and project staff in four SUPAs, three of which lie near to Manaus, the state capital, and one that is quite remote, on the Mid-Juruá river in southern Amazonas.
In addition, the study contains as an annex, a study conducted by Elias Cisneros of Uni-Bonn to address the counterfactual question as to whether the BFP had noticeable impacts on reduction of deforestation in the areas it operates, in comparison with similar SUPAs in the state of Amazonas. The results of his study are reflected in the analysis of fieldwork responses undertaken for the present research.